It is reported that Ningbo region is an important base for Chinese exports of the battery, the annual export more than 350 million US dollars. The power tool with battery, audio and video equipment, electric toys, and other mechanical and electrical products is an important export commodity in Ningbo. Lithium batteries, nickel cadmium batteries and other products is China's important export commodities, is one of the important parts of the export of electromechanical products, power tools, audio and video equipment and household appliances widely used. In recent years, European and American markets frequently introduced a series of stringent battery of technical regulations, regulatory requirements for batteries and battery accessories related to mechanical and electrical products increased substantially, the impact on China-related mechanical and electrical products exports will become increasingly apparent.
Environmental protection has become battery market access threshold
First, the environmental safety requirements for battery products become increasingly harsh. The revised EU battery directive of portable batteries and accumulators of cadmium and mercury limit further tightening, while 2016 and 2015 cancellations of cordless power tool battery Cadmium immunities and exemptions mercury button batteries. EU WEEE Directive and REACH regulations also set a higher import battery access standards. US states have issued decrees prohibiting the mercury and PBDE flame retardants containing more than 0.1% of button batteries into the market, requires the establishment of a common voice of the nation's recovery system has become more intense. Canadian environmental regulations, Argentina and certification requirements prohibit button battery, battery Mexico voluntary standards for battery lead, cadmium, mercury and other harmful substances were clearly limited provisions, in addition, Brazil and other developing countries have begun to follow, having introduced Mandatory batteries and battery packs environmental requirements.
Second, waste battery recycling require upgrading. Based on the EU Battery Directive (2006/66 / EC) EU Battery Recycling new Regulation (No. 493/2012) has been implemented since January 1, 2014, in addition to the requirements of enterprises to bear the cost of waste battery recycling, to achieve in 2016 the recovery of used batteries 45% of lead-acid battery recycling rate reached 65%, nickel - cadmium battery recycling rate reached 75 percent of target, but also provides a precise definition of battery recycling, computing principles and report templates, the battery directive concerning the efficiency of specific of. California, New York, etc. are recycling laws have been introduced, the Japanese also requires battery manufacturers have consciously responsibility for recycling of waste batteries and battery recycling expense, so the whole transport chain generated. "Waste Recycling" has become associated companies can not avoid technical threshold.
Barriers to upgrade increasingly apparent shock effect
Increasingly stringent environmental barriers not only directly affect Chinese exports battery industry, but will spread to the entire Chinese exports of electromechanical industry. The first relates to products and more. Power tools, audio-visual equipment, digital products as well as new energy vehicles and batteries are all closely linked. 2013 China's exports to the EU of cordless power tools more than 2 billion US dollars, of which more than 80% of the use of nickel-cadmium, nickel-hydrogen batteries within the ambit of the new EU battery directive. Second, the high cost of coping. Frequently upgraded battery regulations involves not only production, but also involves transport packaging, recycling, product certification and other aspects, the huge response costs. Since as "the International Maritime Dangerous Goods Rules" Amendment No. 35 and second 54 edition of "Dangerous Goods Regulations" and other regulations take effect, batteries and other related export enterprises packaging and transportation costs increased by more than 20%. The third is to deal with the situation urgent. The past three years, countries publish technical trade measures for batteries over 30, including Europe, America, Japan and other developed countries and regions promulgated technical trade measures more than 70% of the total, and the regulatory transition period is generally short. As EU Battery mercury, cadmium directive transitional period in two years, Japan asked for the recovery of used batteries reach 45 percent within two years, export enterprises are facing a severe test.
Strengthen industry standardization to improve response Neigong
Ningbo region is an important base for Chinese exports of the battery, the annual export more than 350 million US dollars. For escalating technical barriers to trade, companies must take precautions in advance to deal with.
Inspection and quarantine departments suggestions: First, the domestic export battery industry standardization system should be further strengthened, efforts to improve the level of the battery industry, standardization of production to ensure product quality from the source, to enhance the level of process technology at the relentless efforts and strive to go before the technology barriers, seize the market high ground. Second, we must attach great importance to the development trend of foreign battery regulations and directives, and timely attention to the dynamic new standard of new regulations, with a positive attitude to deal with green trade barriers, grasp its requirements and take effective response measures; Third, electrical and electronic products manufacturing enterprises should grasp live opportunity to green for the transformation and upgrading of a breakthrough to improve raw material quality, improving production technology, increase research investment and in strict accordance with the standards and regulatory requirements for the certification of green products, to enhance the international competitiveness of the market.